The Effect of 12 Weeks Swimming Training on Insulin Resistance and Plasma Apelin Levels in Elderly Women with Type 2 Diabetes

Document Type : Original Article


1 Master of Sport Physiology.Department of Sport Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Abadan Branch, Abadan, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor of Physical Education.Department of Physical Education, Islamic Azad University, Abadan Unit, Abadan, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor of Physical Education,Department of Physical Education, Islamic Azad University, Abadan Unit, Abadan, Iran.


Background and Objective: Aging and sedentary lifestyle are the risk factors for type 2 diabetes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of twelve weeks of swimming on glycemic control and plasma apelin levels in older women with type 2 diabetes.
Subjects and Methods: In a semi-experimental study, 30 elderly women with type 2 diabetes were selected through purposeful sampling and randomly divided into two equal groups of swimming training and control. Swimming training was performed for 12 weeks, three sessions per week and each session with 50-70% of heart rate reserve. Fasting blood samples were taken before and after the study period. For statistical analysis of parametric tests and t-test and SPSS version 22 was used and the significance level of PResults: After the intervention period, there was a significant decrease in insulin resistance (P<0.001), HbA1c (P<0.001) and plasma apelin (P<0.05) among swimming group compared to control group.
Conclusion: Overall, the findings of this study showed that swimming training improves insulin sensitivity and decrease applein levels in elderly women with type 2 diabetes.


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