Effects of Pilates Training on Body Composition, Lipid Profile and Some Physical Fitness Parameters in Sedentary Obese Women

Document Type : Original Article


1 Lecturer of Sport Biomechanics.Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahwaz, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor of Sport Biomechanics.Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahwaz, Iran.

3 Professor of Sport Biomechanics.Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahwaz, Iran.


Background and Objective: Pilates training is a training method that creates positive changes in body composition, flexibility and muscle function. The present study was carried out with the aim of evaluating the effect of pilates training on body composition, lipid profile and some indicators of physical fitness in obese sedentary women.
Subjects and Methods: In this study, 24 sedentary obese women (mean age 38.4±8.61 years and BMI 35.6±2.95 Kg/m2) participated voluntarily and were randomly divided into pilates group (n=15) and control group (n=9).  Pilates group performed training program with 14-16 RPE for 8 weeks, 3 times/week. of all subjects was obtain, before and after training program, features of body composition, some physical fitness indices and lipid profile were taken from all subjects. Data were analyzed using paired-sample T-test and ANOVA.
Results: After 8 weeks of pilates training, there was no significant changes in body weight, body mass index, body fat percentage, lean body mass and lipid profile (TC, TG, LDL, VLDL, HDL) (P≥0.05), While a significant increase was observed in flexibility of back and front trunck muscles, excellent hand power, power foot and modified swimming.
Conclusion: According to these results, it seems that eight weeks of pilates training, despite the improvement of physical fitness, is not effective on body composition and lipid profile.


1-Caldwell K, Harrison M, Adams M, Triplett NT. Effect of Pilates and taiji quan training on self-efficacy, sleep quality, mood, and physical performance of college students. Journal of bodywork and movement therapies. 2009 Apr 30;13(2):155-63.
2-Mete S, Milert A. Joseph Pilates' method and possibilities of its appilcation in physiotherapy. Medical Rehabilitation; 2007. 11(2): 27-36.
3-Nakamura Y, Shimada K, Fukuda D, Shimada Y, Ehara S, Hirose M, Kataoka T, Kamimori K, Shimodozono S, Kobayashi Y, Yoshiyama M. Implications of plasma concentrations of adiponectin in patients with coronary artery disease. Heart. 2004 May 1;90(5):528-33.
4-Bahram A, Shafi Z, Sanatkaran A. Co-mparison of passive and active ad-lt body image subscales and its relationnship with body composition and somatotype. Res Spo-rt Sci.2002;2:162-9. [In Persian]
5-Hashemi A, Taghian F, Kargar Fard M. Effect of Pilates for 8 Weeks on Cortisol and Lipid Profile in Obese Women. The Horizon of Medical Sciences. 2015 Jan 15;20(4):249-55.
6-Gotto AM. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides as therapeutic targets for preventing and treating coronary artery disease. American heart journal. 2002 Dec 31;144(6):S33-42.
7-Masarei JR, Pyke JE, Pyke FS. Physical fitness and plasma HDL cholesterol concentrations in male business executives. Atherosclerosis. 1982 Mar 1;42(1):77-83.
8-Moghadasi M, Naser K, Ghanbarzadeh M, Shakerian S, Razavi A. Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity and Physical Fitness in Shiraz Adolescents. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism . January 2011.5(476-482). [In Persian]
9-Truter L, Pienaar AE, Du Toit D. Relationships between overweight, obesity and physical fitness of nine-to twelve-year-old South African children. South African Family Practice. 2010 May 1;52(3):227-33.
10-Irez GB, Ozdemir RA, Evin R, Irez SG, Korkusuz F. Integrating Pilates exercise into an exercise program for 65+ year-old women to reduce falls. J Sports Sci Med. 2011 Mar 1;10(1):105-1.
11-Arslanoğlu E, Şenel Ö. Effects of Pilates Training on Some Physiological Parameters and Cardiovascular Risk Factors of Middle Aged Sedentary Women. Age (years). 2013;38:3-894.
12-Rogers K, Gibson AL. Effects of an 8-week mat Pilates training program on body composition, flexibility, and muscular endurance. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2006 May 1;38(5):S279-80.
13-Hossain P, Kawar B, El Nahas M. Obesity and diabetes in the developing world—a growing challenge. N Engl j med. 2007 Jan 18;2007(356):213-5.
14-Shahrjerdi S, Shavandi N, Golpaygani M, Sheikh Hosseini R. Impact strength and resistance training on control of blood sugar, quality of life and mental health of women with type 2 diabetes. Iranian J Diabetes Lipid 2009; 9(1): 35-44.
15-Mojtahedi H. Physical Fitness Exams and Sports Skills. Esfahan. University of Esfahan. 2010:p. 282.
16-Kim C. S, Kim J. Y. The effects of a single bout pilates exercise on mRNA expression of bone metabolic cytokines in osteopenia women. Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry2014; 18(1): 69.‏
17-Azamian Jazi A ، Ghasemi Mobarekeh  B، Vismeh  Z، Parsa Gohar  N. Effect of 12 weeks of selected Pilates exercise training on serum adiponectin level and insulin resistance in female survivors of breast cancer and its role in prevention of recurrence. Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical. 2015. 20(5): 61-73. [In Persian]
18-Gottfried SP, Rosenberg B. Improved manual spectrophotometric procedure for determination of serum triglycerides. Clinical Chemistry. 1973 Sep 1;19(9):1077-8.
19-Sekendiz B, Altun Ö, Korkusuz F, Akın S. Effects of Pilates exercise on trunk strength, endurance and flexibility in sedentary adult females. Journal of bodywork and movement therapies. 2007 Oct 31;11(4):318-26.
20-Segal NA, Hein J, Basford JR. The effects of Pilates training on flexibility and body composition: an observational study. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 2004 Dec 31;85(12):1977-81.
 21-Cakmakçi O. The effect of 10 week Pilates Mat exercise program on weight loss and body composition for overweight Turkish women. World Appl Sci J. 2012; 19 (3): 431-8.
22-Olson MS, Williford HN, Martin RS, Ellis M, Woolen E, Esco MR. The energy cost of a basic, intermediate, and advanced Pilates' mat workout. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2004 May 1;36(5):S357.
 23-Aladro-Gonzalvo AR, Machado-Díaz M, Moncada-Jiménez J, Hernández-Elizondo J, Araya-Vargas G. The effect of Pilates exercises on body composition: a systematic review. Journal of bodywork and movement therapies. 2012 Jan 31;16(1):109-14.
24-Jago R, Jonker ML, Missaghian M, Baranowski T. Effect of 4 weeks of Pilates on the body composition of young girls. Preventive medicine. 2006 Mar 31;42(3):177-80.
25-Murakami T, Horigome H, Tanaka K, Nakata Y, Ohkawara K, Katayama Y, Matsui A. Impact of weight reduction on production of platelet-derived microparticles and fibrinolytic parameters in obesity. Thrombosis research. 2007 Dec 31;119(1):45-53.
26-Kim HJ, Kim J, Kim CS. The effects of pilates exercise on lipid metabolism and inflammatory cytokines mRNA expression in female undergraduates. Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry. 2014 Sep;18(3):267.
27-Wolkodoff NE, Andrick R, Lazarus E, Braunstein B, Patch T. The Physiological and Health Effects of a Pilates Program combined With Nutritional Intervention on Subjects with Metabolic Syndrome. Journal of Fitness Research. 2013 Sep 2;2.
28-Ramezankhany A, Nazar Ali P, Hedayati M. Comparing effects of aerobics, pilates exercises and low calorie diet on leptin levels and lipid profiles in sedentary women. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences. 2011 May 1;14(3):256-63.
29-Kondo R, Higuchi M, Takahashi M, Oie M, Tanaka Y, Gejyo F, Fujii M. Human T-cell leukemia virus type 2 Tax protein induces interleukin 2-independent growth in a T-cell line. Retrovirology. 2006 Dec 2;3(1):88.
30-Wallace MB, Mills BD, Browning CL. Effects of cross-training on markers of insulin resistance/hyperinsulinemia. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 1997 Sep;29(9):1170-5.
31-Marandi SM, Abadi NG, Esfarjani F, Mojtahedi H, Ghasemi G. Effects of intensity of aerobics on body composition and blood lipid profile in obese/overweight females. International journal of preventive medicine. 2013 Feb 1;4.
32-Olson TP, Dengel DR, Leon AS, Schmitz KH. Changes in inflammatory biomarkers following one-year of moderate resistance training in overweight women. International journal of obesity. 2007 Jun 1;31(6):996-1003.
33-Junges S, Jacondino CB, Gottlieb MG. Effect of Pilates exercises in risk factors for cardiometabolic diseases: a systematic review. Scientia Medica. 2015 Mar 22;25(1):19839.
34-Marinda F, Magda G, Ina S, Brandon S, Abel T, Ter Goon D. Effects of a mat pilates program on cardiometabolic parameters in elderly women. Pakistan journal of medical sciences. 2013 Apr;29(2):500.
35-Tunar M, Ozen S, Goksen D, Asar G, Bediz CS, Darcan S. The effects of Pilates on metabolic control and physical performance in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Journal of diabetes and its complications. 2012 Aug 31;26(4):348-51.
36-Saremi A, Bahrami A, Jamilian M, Moazami Goodarzi P. Effects of 8 weeks pilates training on anti-Mullerian hormone level and cardiometabolic parameters in polycystic ovary syndrome women. Arak Medical University Journal. 2014 Dec 15;17(9):59-69.
37-Oda H. Functions of sulfur-containing amino acids in lipid metabolism. The Journal of nutrition. 2006 Jun 1;136(6):1666S-9S.
38-Kloubec JA. Pilates for improvement of muscle endurance, flexibility, balance, and posture. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2010 Mar 1;24(3):661-7.
39-Atri, B. Shafie, M. Pilates exercises (based on Science Contrology). First Edition .Publications of Taliya. 2007. 148. [In Persian]
40-Bandy WD, Irion JM. The effect of time on static stretch on the flexibility of the hamstring muscles. Physical therapy. 1994 Sep 1;74(9):845-9.
41-Kameli-Pour, Z. The Relationship between Muscle Strength and Endurance of Trunk Extensor with Chronic Low Back Pain and Compare them in Healthy Women and Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain. Master Thesis. University of Tehran. .2011. [In Persian]
 42-astaghamati A, hasbi M, halabchi F. “Exercise therapy in patients with type 2      diabetes” . Iranian Journal               of Diabetes and Metabolism 2014.7(3). 251-265[In Persian]
43-Latey P. The Pilates method: history and philosophy. Journal of bodywork and         movement therapies. 2001 Oct 31;5(4):275-82.   
44-Ebrahimi I, SHAH HOSSEINI GR, FARAHINI H, ARAB A. Clinical trunk muscle endurance tests in subjects with and without low back pain. Medical Journal of The Islamic Republic of Iran (MJIRI). 2005 Aug 15;19(2):95-101.