Relationship between Parity and Metabolic Syndrome in Non-obese Postmenopausal Women

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Midwifery, Tarbiat Modarres University in Tehran.

2 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Diabetes Research Center, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.


Background and Objective: Metabolic syndrome is a key factor in developing cardiovascular disease and is a major problem in many countries. With regard to the young Iranian population, high frequency of pregnancy, and the high prevalence of metabolic syndrome, especially in women after menopause, it is a great concern in Iran. This study was performed to investigate the relationship between the number of deliveries (Parity) and metabolic syndrome in non-obese postmenopausal women.
Subjects and Methods: This cross sectional study was carried out on 140 healthy non-obese postmenopausal women who had a BMI less than30 Kg/m2, at 2009 in Ahvaz. The data which were collected through interviews contained demographic information, the number of parity, age at menopause, values of HDL-C, FBS, TG serum after 12 hours fasting, blood pressure and waist circumference. We used the Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis by SPSS 15 software.
Results: There was significant relationship between parity and components of metabolic syndrome such as FBS (P<0.001), systolic blood pressure (P=0.001), diastolic blood pressure (P=0.003), waist
circumference (P=0.004) and triglycerides(P=0.009) except HDL-C
(P=0.08). There is significant relationship between parity and metabolic syndrome (P=0. 05)   
Conclusion: Increasing in parity is associated with increasing in FBS, BP, TG and WC and metabolic syndrome .Therefore, control and reduction of pregnancies should not be disregarded.
Sci Med J 2011;10(5):555-62


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