Assessment of the Effect of Albumin Compared with Placebo on Functional Outcome in Subjects’ Post Brain Infarct in the Middle Cerebral Artery Territory in Patients Referred to Golestan Hospital of Ahvaz

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Neurology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Department of Neurology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.


Background and Objective: Stroke  is  the  third common  cause  of  mortality  and the most  common  cause  of  morbidity  in  elderly persons. Albumin is a treatment indicated for post-stroke recovery. The  aim  of  this  study  was  to  investigate  the  effect  of albumin on the functional outcome  at the end of the third month in post-stroke subjects.
Subjects and Methods: This is a double-blinded, placebo controlled, randomized study of 139 subjects included within 5 hr of stroke onset. All subjects were given either albumin (20%) or placebo (isovolumic normal saline) with at a dose of 1g/Kg IV infusion over 2 hr. Barthel index score and modified Rankin scale were used for assessment at baseline and at 3 months.
Results: Albumin administration had significant effect in reduction of  length of  hospitality (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in mortality rate between albumin and placebo group (P>0.05). Subjects in the treatment group showed a significant  difference  in the  rank of MRS: 61.6 vs 78.2 in the  placebo  group and mean change  of  the  Barthel  Index:  38  versus  28, respectively. The time from stroke onset to albumin therapy initiation is effective in clinical improvement of patients (P<0.05).
Conclusion: It seems that administration of albumin has significant effect in improving the clinical function of the patients and reduces the length of hospitalization, especially in smaller strokes and when treatment is initiated early.   


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