Evolution of Medicine and Pharmacy in the World 2 -From Jundishapur to Modern Europe and America

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.


Around 260 A.C. and during the dark middle ages of Europe, scholars from different religions and cultures from all around the world came together to a newly founded University and hospital known as Jundishapur for training and group thinking, in a friendly atmosphere. The old Jundishapur in Iran gained the capacity to accommodate tens of distinguish professors, thousands of scholars from Iran and other countries, four hundred thousand books and scientific thesis.  The excellence in both medical and non-medical sciences was gradually developed and lasted over 900 years.  It produced a permanent impression in practice of medicine and pharmaceutical sciences in Iranian cultures and the world and to give birth to Present Jundishapur University. In the second part of this historical research, the most important accomplishments of Jundishapur scientific center during the middle ages and its inflenunce on later  founded scientific centers in west Europe as well as on the foundation of the new Jundishapur University will be discussed.


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