Comparisonof the Effectiveness of Various Physical, Cognitive, and Combined Rehabilitation on Memory and Attention of Veterans with PTSD

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D Student of Motor Behavior.Department of Motor control and learning, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor of Motor Behavior,Department of Motor control and learning, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor of Motor Behavior Department of Motor control and learning, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


Background and Objective: In veterans with PTSD, combined with administration of the antipsychotic and anxiolytics are subjected to cognitive disorders such as loss of memory and attention. Attempts for ameliorate these disorders by employing different rehabilitation programmes have been undertaken. The aim of this present study was to compare the effectivenss of various rehabilitation protocols on memory and attention of veterans with PTSD. 
Subjects and Methods: In present semi-experimental study, forty three Iranian and Iraqi veterans of war were targetly selected and divided randomly in four groups including control, physical, cognitive and combinational rehabilitation protocols. The level of memory and score of attention interference were measured with Weksler questionnaire and Stroop software test respectively before and after interventions. Statistical analyses were measured by independent t-test, two-ways   analysis of variance, and covariance.
Results: There were significant differences between experimental and control groups in memory score (P<0.05), but there were no significant differences between experimental groups (P>0.05). As well as the significant differences were observed between research groups in score of attention interference. Deep survey showed that these differences were among cognitive and combined rehabilitation protocols with physical protocol.
Conclusion:According to these results combinational rehabilitation (aerobic–cognitive training) can lead to a new way for significant improvement in memory performance and selective attention.


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