Comparison of Anthropometric Indices and Lifestyle Factors between Healthy University Students and those Affected by Premenstrual Syndrome

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor of Nutrition and Metabolic.Nutrition and Metabolic, Disease Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 BSc of Nutrition.Department of Nutrition, School of Paramedicine Sciences, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 BSc of Nutrition. Department of Nutrition, School of Paramedicine Sciences, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.


Background and Objective: Body fitness is very important in prevention of many chronic diseases. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is one of disorders that many women suffer from during reproductive years. This study tried to assess anthropometric indices and some lifestyle factors in students with PMS symptoms and compared them with healthy counterparts.
Subjects and Methods: Eighty six students at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences participated in this study, PMS was determined by diagnostic criteria of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and accordingly students were divided in two groups, healthy and affected by PMS. General information, physical activity and intake of different food groups were determined by related questionnaires and anthropometric indices were measured in both groups. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 17.0.
Results: The first degree relatives of students with PMS symptoms were also significantly suffered from PMS. Weight and hip circumference were significantly lower in students with PMS symptoms (P=0.041 and P=0.022 respectively). In all participants, significant negative relationship between waist to hip ratio and menstrual cycle (P=0.002, r=-0.33) was observed.
Conclusion: Both underweight and overweight are factors affecting on general health, so considering the findings, an appropriate weight maintenance and body fitness were recommended to reduce PMS symptoms.  


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