The Relationship Some of Demographic Characteristics with Adolescents Sleep Quality in Ahvaz

Document Type : Original Article


1 Lecturer of Nursing. Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Diseases, Department of Nursing, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Nursing Masters Student.Nursing Masters Student, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 Lecturer of Statistics and Epidemiology.Institute Health, Diabetes Research Center, Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

4 Nursing Masters Student. Nursing Masters Student, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.


Background and Objective: Inadequate and inappropriate sleeping causes serious problems in physical and mental health and affects the quality of adolescent life. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship some of demographic characteristics of adolescents sleep quality in Ahvaz
Subjects and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 310 adolescents 15-20 years old were selected randomly from health centers in Ahvaz. Data gathered by demographic characteristics and Pittsburgh sleep quality standard questionnaires. For data analysis SPSS21 and descriptive and inferential statistics methods were used.
Results: The mean age of participants was 17.5±1.5 year. 166 (n =53.5%) of adolescents had good and 144 (46.5%) poor sleep quality.  Average bedtime and wake-up time were 0.5±2.3 and 8.3±2 in the morning respectively. The teenagers of Ahvaz need 31±28.1 minutes to sleep and total their sleeping time was 6.3±1.5 hours . Age and residence area had significant relationship (P<0.048). While ethnicity and the level of education had no significant relationship with sleep quality.
Conclusion: According to these findings, more than half of adolescents had low sleep quality and quantity, which need serious policies to promote appropriate sleep.


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