The Comparison Effects of Submaximal Aerobic Exercise on Lipid Profiles and Apolioprotein A-1 and B in Overweight Women

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Student in Physical Education and Sport Sciences,Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Islamic Azad University of Abadan, Abadan, Iran.

2 Master of Sport Science and Physical Education.Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.

3 Physical Education and Sports Science Graduate Student. Bachelor of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Azad University, Abadan, Iran.


Background and Objective: Traditionally, LDL-C, HDL-C and lipid ratios are risk factors of cardiovascular (CV) disorders. Nevertheless, there is evidence that indicates apoB, apoA-I, and especially the apo-ratio, are better than conventional lipids to predict CV risk and during lipid-lowering treatment. Thereby, the aim of this study was to compare the changes of LDL-C, HDL-C, TG, apoB and apo A-1 concentration, Apo-ratio, as well as cholesterol, and BMI follow aerobic exercise training in overweight women.
Subjects and Methods: Twenty-four healthy but overweight women participated in the study. Subjects were divided into two groups control (C) and experimental (E) groups, (n=12 in each). Aerobic exercises were conducted for 8 weeks/3 sessions/week with 60-75% heart rate max. Blood samples before and after exercise were collected before starting the protocol and after the last session of the exercise training. For data analysis t-student test was used to compare mean differences between groups.
Results: Based on our results, TG, TC, and apoA1, and apo reatio significantly decreased and HDL levels increased markedly following aerobic protocol. In contract, LDL and apo-B did not change significantly in compare with the control group.
Conclusion: Such results suggest that changes in the levels of lipid profiles are in relationship with apoA-1, apo-B, and aporatio.


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