Assessment of Students' Knowledge about Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components

Document Type : Original Article


1 Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Science, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases Research Center, Clinical Sciences Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

4 MSc Student of Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Public Health Faculty, Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.



Background and Objectives Despite the increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome among the youth, little is known about the knowledge of university students about this disease. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge of students at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (AJUMS) about metabolic syndrome. Subjects and Methods A valid questionnaire was completed by 245 university students. The questions were divided into 4 sections: diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. Correct answers received 1 score while incorrect ones received 0 score. The answers were presented as a percentage. All data were analyzed with SPSS27 software, and p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results The students’ mean scores were obtained as follows: diabetes: 83.26±10.23, obesity: 89.72±10.45, blood pressure: 92.51±12.47, cholesterol: 86.66±20.33, and total score: 88.04±8.27. There was no significant difference between the two genders in terms of the mean total score and the sections of the questionnaire. A significant difference was observed between different educational levels in terms of mean total score (P<0.01), with the graduate students having the highest knowledge level. However, there was no significant difference between the educational levels regarding the knowledge score of obesity and cholesterol. There was a significant difference between the mean knowledge score in relation to the sections of the questionnaire and the total scores by faculty. The highest and the lowest total knowledge scores were related to the Faculty of Health and the School of Pharmacy, respectively. Conclusion Considering that a score of 81-100% is considered good knowledge, the results showed that AJUMS students had generally good knowledge about metabolic syndrome.


Rezvan Chaharlang [PumMed] [Google Scholar]

 Majid Karandish [PumMed] [Google Scholar]

 Zahra Asadi [PumMed] [Google Scholar]

 Soraya Moradi [PumMed] [Google Scholar]


Main Subjects

[1] McCracken E, Monaghan M, Sreenivasan S. Pathophysiology of the metabolic syndrome. Clin Dermatol. 2018;36(1):14-20. [DOI: 10. 1016/j.clindermatol.2017.09.004] [PMID]
[2] Rochlani Y, Pothineni NV, Kovelamudi S, Mehta JL. Metabolic syndrome: pathophysiology, management, and modulation by natural compounds. Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis. 2017;11(8):215-225. [DOI: 10.1177/1753944717711379] [PMID] [PMCID]
[3] Rashidi H, Fardad F, Ghaderian B, Shahbazian HB, Latifi M, Karandish M, Arghideh M. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its predicting factors in type 2 diabetic patients in Ahvaz. Jundishapur Scientific Medical Journal. 2012;11(2):163-75.
[4] Samson SL, Garber AJ. Metabolic syndrome. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2014;43(1):1-23. [DOI: 10.1016/j.ecl.2013.09.009] [PMID]
[5] Maleki F, Sayehmiri F, Kiani F, Nasiri S. Metabolic syndrome prevalence in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. 2014;18(4). [DOI: 10.22110/jkums.v18i4.1514]
[6] Bahar A, Kashi Z, Kheradmand M, Hedayatizadeh-Omran A, Moradinazar M, Ramezani F, Afshari M, Moosazadeh M. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome using international diabetes federation, National Cholesterol Education Panel- Adult Treatment Panel III and Iranian criteria: results of Tabari cohort study. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2020;19(1):205-211. [DOI: 10.1007/ s40200-020-00492-6] [PMID] [PMCID]
[7] Grundy SM. A constellation of complications: the metabolic syndrome. Clin Cornerstone. 2005;7(2-3):36-45. [DOI: 10.1016/ s1098-3597(05)80066-3] [PMID]
[8] Grundy SM. Cholesterol gallstones: a fellow traveler with metabolic syndrome? Am J Clin Nutr. 2004;80(1):1-2. [DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/80.1.1] [PMID]
[9] Li X, Li X, Lin H, Fu X, Lin W, Li M, et al. Metabolic syndrome and stroke: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. J Clin Neurosci. 2017;40:34-38. [DOI: 10.1016/j.jocn.2017.01.018] [PMID]
[10] Russo A, Autelitano M, Bisanti L. Metabolic syndrome and cancer risk. Eur J Cancer. 2008;44(2):293-7. [DOI: 10.1016/j.ejca.2007. 11.005] [PMID]
[11] Borshchev YY, Uspensky YP, Galagudza MM. Pathogenetic pathways of cognitive dysfunction and dementia in metabolic syndrome. Life Sci. 2019;237:116932. [DOI: 10.1016/j.lfs. 2019.116932] [PMID]
[12] Mardani M, Rafiei Aa, Ebrahimzadeh F, Baba H, Balavar S, Ali Mohammadi M. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among students of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences. 2015; 57 (8): 918-25. [DOI: 10.22038/MJMS.2015.3680]
[13] Gholipour M, Tabrizi A, Kazem Nejad A. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in students and its relationship with obesity indicators. Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism. 2013; 12 (4): 334-24 [link].
[14] Neha C, Dv K, Vemuri S, Reddy S. Assessment Of Knowledge And Awareness Regarding Metabolic Syndrome And Its Components Among Undergraduate Physiotherapy Students. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research. 2019:17-25. [DOI:
[15] Rao UM, Siddharthan S, Sowmya R, Sathivel A, Zin T, Raj NB. Assessment of Malaysian University undergraduate's knowledge and awareness on metabolic syndrome and conditions related to it. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2021;14(4): 1893-8. [DOI : 10.52711/0974-360X.2021.00334]
[16] Vemuri S, Desai K, Neha C, Reddy S. A questionnaire study on knowledge and awareness of metabolic syndrome and it’s components in undergraduate medical students at entry level. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2020;11:3645-56 [link].
[17] Yahia N, Brown C, Rapley M, Chung M. Assessment of college students’ awareness and knowledge about conditions relevant to metabolic syndrome. Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2014;6(1):1-15.
[DOI: 10.1186/1758-5996-6-111]
[18] Marwa A. Abd Elazeem , Latifa M. Al Anzi , Amnah A. Al Anazi (2016); Knowledge and Awareness of Metabolic Syndrome Relevant Conditions among College Students in University of Tabuk, KSA. Int J of Adv Res. 2328-36. [DOI: 10.21474/ IJAR01/1727]