Oral Health-Related Quality of Life among Patients with Beta-Thalassemia Major in Ahvaz

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, , Social Determinants of health Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 Department of Health Promotion and Education, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

4 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Social Determinants of health Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

5 Student research committee, School of Dentistry, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Abstract

Background and Objectives The present study examined the oral health-related quality of life in patients with thalassemia major in Khuzestan province. Subjects and Methods This was a descriptive analytical study. The case group included 120 patients suffering from thalassemia major disease who presented to Shafa Hospital in Ahvaz city in 2021, and the control group consisted of 120 healthy people who were either companions of the patients or their family members. The data collection tools were two standard questionnaires related to dry mouth and a questionnaire dedicated to oral heal-related quality of life. Results There was a significant difference between patients with beta-thalassemia major and healthy people in terms of their mean overall score of oral health-related quality of life and its dimensions (except for physical disability) (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of the mean score of physical disability (P>0.05). A significant difference was observed between the two groups in terms of the mean score of functional limitation in an age-dependent manner (P<0.05). Finally, the two groups were significantly different in terms of the mean score of physical disability as far as age and dry mouth were concerned (P<0.05). Conclusion According to the results obtained from the present study, appropriate psychological measures and strategies should be implemented to improve the oral health-related quality of life in patients with beta-thalassemia major.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Kim C, Paik DI, Kim JB. A comparison of oral health related quality of life between complete and partial removable denture‐wearing older adults in Korea. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation. 2006 May;33(5):317-22. [ 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2005.01565.x] [PMID]
[2] Walter MH, Woronuk JI, Tan HK, Lenz U, Koch R, Boening KW, Pinchbeck YJ. Oral health related quality of life and its association with sociodemographic and clinical findings in 3 northern outreach clinics. Journal of the Canadian Dental Association. 2007 Mar 1;73(2). [Link] [PMID]
[3] Baharvand M, Soleimani M, Manifar S, Mortazavi H, Sabour S. Oral health-related quality of life and treatment needs in a group of Iranian dental patients. Journal of International Dental and Medical Research. 2016;9(1):23 .[Link]
[4] Naito M, Yuasa H, Nomura Y, Nakayama T, Hamajima N, Hanada N. Oral health status and health-related quality of life: a systematic review. Journal of oral science. 2006;48(1):1-7 .
[10.2334/josnusd.48.1] [PMID]
[5] Daradkeh S, Khader YS. Translation and validation of the Arabic version of the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI). Journal of oral science. 2008;50(4):453-9 .[10.2334/josnusd. 50.453] [PMID]
[6] Klages U, Bruckner A, Zentner A. Dental aesthetics, self-awareness, and oral health-related quality of life in young adults. The European Journal of Orthodontics. 2004 Oct 1;26(5):507-14 .[10.1093/ejo/26.5.507] [PMID]
[7] John MT, Hujoel P, Miglioretti DL, LeResche L, Koepsell TD, Micheelis W. Dimensions of oral-health-related quality of life. Journal of dental research. 2004 Dec;83(12):956-60 .[10.1177/ 154405910408301213] [PMID]
[8] Faezi M, Rejeh N, Soukoti MS. Assessment of oral health in older people referred to selected dentistry schools of universities of Tehran. Journal of Health Promotion Management. 2015 Nov 10;5(1):1-0 .[Link]
[9] Safizadeh H, Farahmandinia Z, Pourdamghan N, Araste M. Quality of life in patients with thalassemia major and intermedia in kerman-iran (IR). Mediterranean journal of hematology and infectious diseases. 2012;4(1). [10.4084/MJHID.2012.058] [PMID]
[10] Hattab FN. Periodontal condition and orofacial changes in patients with thalassemia major: a clinical and radiographic overview. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2012 Apr 1;36(3). 8 .[PMID]
[11] Motallebnejad M, Noghani A, Tamaddon A, Khafri S. Assessment of oral health status and oral health–related quality of life in thalassemia major patients. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2014 Dec 10;24(119):83-94. [Link]
[12] Jahantash AH, Babadi Oregani E, Sadeghipour Roodsari M, Behnaz M, Namdari M. Evaluation of Oral Health-related Quality of Life in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. Journal of Mashhad Dental School. 2021 Dec 22;45(4):336-48. [Link]
[13] Nosratzehi T, Payandeh A, Baluchi O. Oral health-related quality of life among patients with Atypical Facial Pain, Referred to Zahedan Dental School. [Link]
[14] Vilar‐Villanueva M, Gándara‐Vila P, Blanco-Aguilera E, Otero-Rey EM, Rodríguez-Lado L, García‐García A, Blanco-Carrión A. Psychological disorders and quality of life in oral lichen planus patients and a control group. Oral diseases. 2019 Sep; 25(6):1645-51. [10.1111/odi.13106] [PMID]
[15] Binandeh E, Seraj Khorami N, Asgari P, Feizi Gh, Tahani B. The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Oral Health-related Quality of Life in Patients with Dental Anxiety. J Isfahan Dent School. 2020; 16(1): 31-44. [Link]