To compare the effect of music therapy and writing on improving the life quality of students with cancer aged 8 to 14 years

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran.


Purpose: Cancer is a disease that has a significant impact on the lives of people who are suffering from and their families. This study aimed to compare the effect of music therapy and writing on improving the life quality of students with cancer aged 8 to 14 years.
Methodology: This study was a quasi-experimental one with a pretest-posttest design and a control group. 45 students aged 8 to 14 years were selected from the oncology ward of Bandar Abbas children hospital and were randomly replaced to two experimental groups and one control group. The research tools were collected in two stages in two groups. In the music group, they listened for 4 weeks, and in the writing group for 4 consecutive weeks, they wrote about their own feelings, thoughts and emotions on an event or emotional burden of the cancer 30 minutes a day. Data were analyzed by using multivariable covariance analysis and Spss software 23.
Results: The results showed a significant difference between the effectiveness of music therapy and writing on physical performance, social performance and quality of life. But there was no significant difference in the influence of the two groups on academic performance and emotional performance.
Conclusion: In fact, therapies that lead to the discharge of negative emotions improve their mental health


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