مقایسۀ شدت‌های مختلف یک جلسه فعالیت ترکیبی )هوازی و مقاومتی( بر میزان پروتئین واکنشی فاز حاد مردان فعال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

2 گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران.

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: CRP یک شاخص حساس التهاب سیستمیک است که افزایش آن همواره با افزایش خطر بیماری‌های قلبی عروقی همراه است. هدف از این مطالعه مقایسۀ شدت­های مختلف یک جلسه فعالیت ترکیبی بر میزان پروتئین واکنش­گر C است.
روش بررسی: در این تحقیق 10 مرد سالم فعال (4/1±5/21سال) با شاخص تودۀ بدنی طبیعی (2/1±2/22 کیلوگرم بر متر مربع) به طور داوطلب با دارا بودن شرایط لازم شرکت کردند. هریک از شرکت­کنندگان فعالیت ترکیبی (ترکیب فعالیت هوازی و مقاومتی) را در سه شدت: کم، متوسط و زیاد انجام دادند برای مقایسۀ شدت­های مختلف، مرحلۀ هوازی فعالیت به شکل دویدن روی تردمیل با سرعت 8، 6/9 و 2/11 کیلومتر بر ساعت و هزینه مشابه 300 کیلوکالری و مرحلۀ مقاومتی بر اساس 45، 65 و 85 درصد حداکثر قدرت بیشینه در شش حرکت یکسان­سازی شدنمونه­گیری خون قبل، بلافاصله بعد و 24 ساعت بعد از هر جلسه فعالیت انجام شد.
یافته­ها: تجمع لاکتات پلاسما بلافاصله بعد از فعالیت در مقایسه با قبل و 24 ساعت بعد از فعالیت افزایش یافت(05/0P<). فعالیت ترکیبی حاد در شدت­های مختلف به­ طور معناداری به تغییرات در میزان CRP منجر نشد (05/0<P).
نتیجه­گیری: نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که شدت­های مختلف فعالیت ترکیبی بر میزان CRP مردان فعال تأثیر چندانی ندارد که احتمالاً نشان­دهندۀ اهمیت حجم فعالیت نسبت به شدت فعالیت است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


 

 

 

1-Colbert LH, Visser M, Simonsick EM, Tracy RP, Newman AB, Kritchevsky SB, "et al". Physical activity, exercise, and inflammatory markers in older adults: findings from the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2004 July; 52(7): 1098-104.

2-Beavers KM, Brinkley TE, Nicklas BJ. Effect of exercise training on chronic inflammation. Clinica Chimica Acta 2010; 411(11): 785-93.

3-Donges CE, Duffield R, Drinkwater EJ. Effects of resistance or aerobic exercise training on interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, and body composition. Medicine and science in sports and exercise 2010; 42(2): 304-13.

4-Stewart LK, Flynn MG, Campbell WW, Craig BA, Robinson JP, Timmerman KL, "et al". The influence of exercise training on inflammatory cytokines and C-reactive protein. Medicine and science in sports and exercise 2007; 39(10): 1714.

5-Pedersen B. The anti-inflammatory effect of exercise: its role in diabetes and cardiovascular disease control. Essays Biochem 2006; 42: 105-17.

6-Esposito K, Pontillo A, Di Palo C, Giugliano G, Masella M, Marfella R, "et al". Effect of weight loss and lifestyle changes on vascular inflammatory markers in obese women. JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association 2003 Apr; 289(14): 1799-804.

7-Ryan AS, Nicklas BJ. Reductions in plasma cytokine levels with weight loss improve insulin sensitivity in overweight and obese postmenopausal women. Diabetes Care 2004 July; 27(7): 1699-705.

8-Mackinnon LT, Hooper S. Plasma glutamine and upper respiratory tract infection during intensified training in swimmers. Medicine and science in sports and exercise 1996; 28(3): 285-90.

9-Pedersen BK, Febbraio MA. Muscle as an endocrine organ: focus on muscle-derived interleukin-6. Physiological reviews 2008 Oct; 88(4): 1379-406.

10-Sillanpää E, Laaksonen DE, Häkkinen A, Karavirta L, Jensen B, Kraemer WJ, "et al". Body composition, fitness, and metabolic health during strength and endurance training and their combination in middle-aged and older women. European journal of applied physiology 2009 May; 106(2): 285-96.

11-Libardi CA, De Souza GV, Cavaglieri CR, Madruga VA, Chacon-Mikahil M. Effect of Resistance, Endurance, and Concurrent Training on TNF->, IL-6, and CRP. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2012; 44: 50-6.

12-Astengo M, Dahl Å, Karlsson T, Mattsson-Hulten L, Wiklund O, Wennerblom B. Physical training after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with stable angina: effects on working capacity, metabolism, and markers of inflammation. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation 2010 June; 17(3): 349-54.

13-Brzycki M. Strength testing—predicting a one-rep max from reps-to-fatigue. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance 1993; 64(1): 88-90.

14-Pollock ML, Gaesser GA, Butcher JD, Després J-P, Dishman RK, Franklin BA, "et al". ACSM position stand: the recommended quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, and flexibility in healthy adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1998 June; 30(6): 975-91.

15-Thompson WR, Gordon NF, Pescatello LS. ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. 9th ed. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Hubsta Ltd; 2009.

16-Ainsworth BE, Haskell WL, Herrmann SD, Meckes N, Bassett DR, Tudor-Locke C. "et al". 2011 compendium of physical activities: a second update of codes and MET values. Medicine and science in sports and exercise 2011; 43(8): 1575-81.

17-Uchida MC, Nosaka K, Ugrinowitsch C, Yamashita A, Martins Jr E, Moriscot AS, "et al". Effect of bench press exercise intensity on muscle soreness and inflammatory mediators. Journal of sports sciences 2009; 27(5): 499-507.

18-Lavie CJ, Church TS, Milani RV, Earnest CP. Impact of physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and exercise training on markers of inflammation. Journal of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and prevention 2011 May/June; 31(3): 137-45.

19-Lavoie ME, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Doucet E, Mignault D, Messier L, Bastard J, "et al". Association between physical activity energy expenditure and inflammatory markers in sedentary overweight and obese women. International journal of obesity  2010 Apr; 34(9): 1387-95.

20-Scott J, Sale C, Greeves JP, Casey A, Dutton J, Fraser WD. Effect of exercise intensity on the cytokine response to an acute bout of running. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2011; 43: 2297-306.

21-Mendham AE, Donges CE, Liberts EA, Duffield R. Effects of mode and intensity on the acute exercise-induced IL-6 and CRP responses in a sedentary, overweight population. European journal of applied physiology 2011; 111(6): 1035-45.

22-Ostrowski K, Rohde T, Asp S, Schjerling P, Pedersen BK. Pro-and anti-inflammatory cytokine balance in strenuous exercise in humans. The Journal of physiology 1999 Feb; 515(1): 287-91.

23-Ostrowski K, Rohde T, Zacho M, Asp S, Pedersen B. Evidence that interleukin‐6 is produced in human skeletal muscle during prolonged running. The Journal of physiology 1998 May; 508(3): 949-53.

24-Pedersen BK, Hoffman-Goetz L. Exercise and the immune system: regulation, integration, and adaptation. Physiological reviews 2000; 80(3): 1055-81.

25-Festa A, D'Agostino Jr R, Williams K, Karter A, Mayer-Davis E, Tracy R, "et al". The relation of body fat mass and distribution to markers of chronic inflammation. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders. journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity 2001Oct; 25(10): 1407-15.

26-Neubauer O, König D, Wagner K-H. Recovery after an Ironman triathlon: sustained inflammatory responses and muscular stress. European journal of applied physiology 2008 Oct; 104(3): 417-26.

27-Weight LM, Alexander D, Jacobs P. Strenuous exercise: analogous to the acute-phase response. Clin Sci (Lond) 1991 Nov; 81(5): 677-83.

28-Mendall M, Patel P, Ballam L, Strachan D, Northfield T. Creactive protein and its relation to cardiovascular risk factors: a population based cross sectional study. Bmj 1996Apr; 312:1061.  

29-Ford ES. Body mass index, diabetes, and C-reactive protein among US adults. Diabetes Care 1999 Dec; 22(12): 1971-7.

30-Yudkin JS, Stehouwer C, Emeis J, Coppack S. C-reactive protein in healthy subjects: associations with obesity, insulin resistance, and endothelial dysfunction a potential role for cytokines originating from adipose tissue? Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology 1999; 19(4): 972-8.

31-Hotamisligil GS, Arner P, Caro JF, Atkinson RL, Spiegelman BM. Increased adipose tissue expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in human obesity and insulin resistance. Journal of Clinical Investigation 1995 May; 95(5): 2409-15.