بررسی تاثیر رایحه درمانی با اسطوخودوس بر اضطراب و افسردگی بیماران سندرم حاد کرونری: یک کارآزمایی بالینی تصادفی شده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

2 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR, Iran

3 آمارحیاتی، دانشکده عل.م پزشکی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

4 پرستاری، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: بیماران بستری در بخش مراقبت ویژه قلبی در معرض اختلالات روانی مانند اضطراب و افسردگی میباشند. هدف این مطالعه بررسی تاثیر بکارگیری رایحه درمانی با اسطوخودوس بر میزان اضطراب و افسردگی بیماران سندرم حاد کرونری بود.
روش بررسی: این کارآزمایی بالینی تصادفی بر روی بیماران سندرم حاد کرونری بستری در بخش مراقبتهای ویژه قلبی بیمارستان نمازی شهر شیراز انجام گرفت. 110 بیمار به طور تصادفی به دو گروه آروما و دارونما تخصیص داده شدند. قبل و بعد از مداخله، میزان اضطراب و افسردگی بیماران اندازه گیری شد. تحلیل داده ها توسط آزمون‌های آماری توصیفی و استنباطی و با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS نسخه 16 انجام گرفت.
یافته ها: بیماران دریافت کننده رایحه کاهش معنی داری در میزان افسردگی (01/0= P-value) و اضطراب (009/0= P-value) در مقایسه با گروه پلاسبو نشان دادند. همچنین اندازه اثر(Effect Size) برای افسردگی و اضطراب به ترتیب برابر با 52/0 و 54/0 بود که نشان دهنده اندازه اثر زیاد می باشد.
نتیجه گیری: بر اساس یافته های مطالعه رایحه درمانی با اسطوخودوس می‌تواند اضطراب و افسردگی بیماران سندرم حاد کرونری را کاهش دهد.
واژگان کلیدی: اضطراب، افسردگی ، رایحه درمانی، اسطوخودوس، سندرم حاد کرونری

کلیدواژه‌ها


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