تاثیر یک دوره تمرین مقاومتی همراه با مکمل سیترولین مالات بر سطوح استراحتیBDNF سرمی، نیتریک اکسید و استروژن زنان یائسه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده تربیت بدنی وعلوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

3 گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

4 دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: تمرینات ورزشی روش غیردارویی موثر بر کاهش عوارض یائسگی می باشد؛ سیترولین نیز یک مکمل موثر بر عملکرد ورزشی می باشد. هدف تحقیق حاضر بررسی اثر هشت هفته تمرین مقاومتی و مکمل سیترولین مالات بر سطوح استراحتی BDNF، NO و استروژن زنان یائسه بود.
مواد و روش‌ها: در تحقیقی نیمه تجربی حاضر 42 زن یائسه در شش گروه: تمرین+مکمل، تمرین+دارونما، تمرین، کنترل، مکمل و دارونما قرار داده شدند. تمرین مقاومتی به مدت هشت هفته، سه جلسه در هفته با شدت 55-45 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه انجام شد. مکمل دهی شامل 200 میلی‌لیتر آب، 8 گرم سیترولین مالات، 20 میلی‌لیتر آب‌لیمو و 10 گرم شکر یک ساعت قبل از جلسه تمرین بود. برای بررسی داده‌ها از آزمون ANOVA دو سویه وآزمون t وابسته در سطح معناداری (05/0 ≥ P) استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: افزایش معنی داری در استروژن، NO و BDNF در گروه تمرین + مکمل نسبت به گروه های تمرین و مکمل بیشتر بود (001/0 > P). همچنین افزایش استروژن در گروه تمرین نسبت به گروه مکمل به صورت معنی داری بیشتر بود (001/0 > P)، اما تفاوتی بین سطوح NO و BDNF در گروه های تمرین و مکمل مشاهده نشد.
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به نتایج، تمرین مقاومتی و مکمل سیترولین مالات روش های موثری در افزایش سطوح سرمی استروژن، NO و BDNF در زنان یائسه می باشند و ترکیب هر دو روش نسبت به هر روش به تنهایی اثر بیشتری بر بهبود این متغیرها دارد.

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